Audio Mixing and its History – What is the History of Audio Mixing and Mastering. Well, to understand the present you should first know about the past and then plan about the future. This works in all aspects of life. Firstly, in the early days nothing was digital for sure, well for analog advancement also it was a lot of decades left. The method of recording and reproducing itself was completely mechanical, with little or no electrical components.
Audio mixing of sound recording and reproduction is the method of integrating multitrack recordings into a final result of mono, stereo or surround sound. Their relative rates (i.e. volumes) are modified and balanced during the process of integrating the separate tracks, and different processes such as equalization and compression are typically applied to individual tracks, track groups and the overall mix. The positioning of the tracks inside the stereo (or surround) environment is modified and balanced in stereo and surround sound mixing. Audio mixing methods and strategies differ greatly and have a major influence on the final product.
Audio mixing processes are primarily based on the music styles and the nature of the sound recordings involved. The process is typically done by a mixing engineer, although the record producer or recording artist can often assist. A mastering engineer after mixing prepares the finished product for manufacture.
Audio mixing may occur on a mixing console or on a digital audio workstation.
The first recording machines were invented by Thomas Edison and Emile Berliner in the late 19th Century. The method of recording and reproducing itself was completely mechanical, with little or no electrical components. Edison’s phonograph cylinder device used a small horn ending in a stretched, flexible diaphragm connected to a stylus that cut a variable depth groove into the cylinder’s maleable tin foil. The gramophone method of Emile Berliner captured music by inscribing lateral spiraling cuts on a vinyl disk
Throughout the 1920s electronic recording became more popular. This was based on electro magnetic transduction concepts. The idea of attaching a microphone to a recording system remotely meant that microphones could be placed in more suitable locations. The method was improved as microphone outputs could be combined before being fed to the disk cutter, thereby allowing for greater consistency in the balance.
Until the advent of multitrack recording, during a live show, all sounds and effects which were to be part of a record were mixed at once. If the recorded mix was unsatisfactory, or if one musician made a mistake, the selection had to be performed until the desired balance and output had been achieved. The advent of multi-track recording turned the development of a modern recording into one that typically requires three stages: recording, overdubbing, and mixing.
Modern mixing emerged with the introduction of commercial multi-track tape machines, especially with the introduction of 8-track recorders during the 1960’s. The opportunity to capture sounds in different channels meant that they could be delayed to the mixing stage by integrating and processing certain sounds.
Home recording and mixing became more effective in the 1980s. Portastudio, a four-track, was released in 1979. In 1982, Bruce Springsteen used one song, Nebraska. In 1983, the Eurythmics topped the charts with the song “Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This),” captured on a homemade 8-track recorder by band member Dave Stewart. Computers replaced tape-based recording for most home studios in the mid-to-late 1990s, with the Power Macintosh proving popular. At the same time, digital audio workstations, first used in the mid-1980s, began replacing tape in many professional recording studios.
Audio Mixing and its History has an Important Role to play in understanding how these same sounds have been treated from such a long time.